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场地障碍与盛装舞步等马术运动的英语词汇

奥运英语体育词汇 马术运动 障碍赛花式骑术等
Equestrian

人员 障碍赛 花式骑术 赛马马球运动赌马步法 马匹场地旗手装备饲养与调教

1.马术运动:equestriansport

2.马术比赛:equestriancompetition event

3.障碍赛:hurdlerace; (steeple) chase

4.超越障碍赛: showjumping

5.盛装舞步;花式骑术:dressage

6.三日赛;综合全能马术比赛:three-dayevent; complete competitive examination of horsemanship

7.花式骑术测验:dressagetest

8.越野耐力测验:endurancetest

9.超越障碍测验:jumpingtest

10.跳跃障碍测验:Puissance

11.马场超越障碍赛:Stadiumjumping competition

12.放牧人竞技会:Rodeo

13.马上技巧:Mountedgymnastics

14.马术学校:Ridingschool [academy]

人员

15.马术运动员;骑手:equestrian;equestrienne (女);horseman; horsewoman (女); rider; jockey

16.障碍赛骑手:Showjumper

17.盛装舞步骑手:Dressagerider

18.驯马师:horse-breaker[-master; -trainer]; bronco-buster

19.障碍赛裁判员:Obstaclejudge

20.检查员:Patroljudge

21.跑道检查员:Clerk ofthe course

22.赛马工作人员:Steward

23.饲养员:groom;Stableman

24.马掌工:Blacksmith;Farrier

障碍赛

25.越过障碍:Jump

26.起跳:Take off

27.飞跃:Fly

28.飞越:Leap

29.轻触障碍:Tick

30.漏跳:Omit anobstacle

31.拒跳:Ba(u)lk

32.踌躇(跳障碍前收住脚步):Dwell

33.碰撞障碍:Knockdown an obstacle

34.绊跌:Stumble

35.时间限制:Timelimit

36.障碍赛平分决胜:jump-off

37.障碍:Obstacle;fence

38.障碍宽度:Spread

39.固定障碍:Solidobstacle

40.简单障碍:Simpleobstacle

41.双重障碍:Doubleobstacles; in-and-out

42.直立障碍:Vertical[straight] obstacle

43.高宽混合障碍 high andbroad obstacle

44.平行杆障碍:Parallelpoles

45.双重平行杆障碍:Doubleparallel poles

46.三重障碍:Triplebars

47.平行三重障碍:Tripleparallel bars

48.木栅障碍:Railing;paling; Oxer; bars; post and rail obstacles

49.单栏障碍:Simpleoxer

50.蛇形木栅障碍:Snakefence

51.宽围栏障碍:Spreadfence

52.屋顶形障碍:Chickencoop

53.低墙障碍;土堤:Bank;knoll

54.石墙障碍:Stonewall

55.树篱障碍:Hedge;bullfinch

56.窄篱[墙]障碍:Narrowstile

57.篱沟障碍:Ditch andhedge

58.树篱与木栅障碍:Brush andrails

59.沟:Ditch;pit

60.水沟障碍:Water-jump

61.水沟带树篱障碍:Waterjump with hedge

 


花式骑术

62.初级花式骑术:Elementarytraining; Campagne

63.高级花式骑术:granddressage; high school; haut ecole

64.立定:Attention

65.前肢起扬:Levade;pesade

66.后肢直立:Rear

67.昂首跳步:Jigging

68.原地快步:Trot inplace

69.斜横步:Two-track;half-pass; appuyer

70.巴沙基;高级快报:Passage

71.西班牙舞步;高级慢步:Spanishwalk

72.琵阿斐;原地高级步:Piaffe

73.跳跃:Gambado

75.原地腾跃:Capriole

76.直立腾跃:Curvet;courbette

77.旋转:Pivot

78.后肢旋转:Pivot onthe quarters; pirouette

79.前肢旋转:Pivot onthe forehand

80.半旋转:Caracole

81.后肢半旋转:Half-pirouette

82.环骑:Volt(e)

83.转圈(直径超过6米):Circle

84.8字形:Eight;school figures

赛马

85.赛马:Horserace [racing]

86.大赛马:Derby

87.平地赛马(无障碍物):Flat race

88.有奖赛马:Stakesrace

89.让步赛马:Handicap;allowance race

90.负重减量:Alloance

91.附加重量:Impost

92.根据马匹年龄和赛程而附加的重量:Weight-for-age

93.轻驾车赛:Hharnessracing

94.同时到达终点:dead heat

95.领先一头的距离:head

96.落选的马:also-ran

97.马球运动:polo

98.马球运动员:poloplayer; poloist

99.马球队:quartet

100.局:chukker

101.前锋:forward

102.前卫:halfback

103.后卫:back

104.球门裁判:goalumpire

105.判胜一球:penaltygoal

106.原地罚球:free hit

107.得球:right of way

108.球行线:line ofball

109.挤出球行线:ride offthe ball

110.向前击球:forestroke

111.向后击球:backstroke

112.右侧向前击球:offsideforehand

113.右侧向后击球:offsidebackhand

114.左侧向前击球:nearsideforehand

115.左侧向后击球:nearsidebackhand

116.马球杆:mallet;polo-stick

117.赌马:gamble[bet] on horses

118.赌博者:gambler;bettor; horse player

119.登记赌注者:bookmaker;bookie

120.赌注:bet;stake

121.赔率:odds

122.同注分彩赌博:parimutuel

123.赛马内情简报:dope-[tip-]-sheet

骑术

124.骑术:art ofriding; horsemanship; equestrianism; equestrian skill; equitation; jockeyship

125.无鞍骑乘:ridebareback

126.上马:get up;mount

127.帮助上马:leg up

128.下马:dismount

129.骑坐姿势:ridingposture; seat

130.身体重心居中的骑坐姿势:park seat

131.前倾骑坐:forward[balanced; hunting; modern; military] seat

132.极度前倾骑坐:jockeyseat

133.古典骑坐姿势:academic[classical] seat

134.顺随马的动作:go withthe horse

135.扶助指挥:aid

136.自然扶助:naturalaid; authorized assistance

137.人工扶助:artificialaid; unauthorized assistance

138.控缰:draw therein

139.开控缰:leading[opening] rein

140.颈上控缰:bearing[neck] rein

141.反向直控缰:directrein of opposition

142.强力控缰:heavy-handed;mutton-fisted

143.轻控缰绳:light-handed

144.控马:collect ahorse

145.控马后退:rein back

146.停住:halt

147.控缰主导腿:activeleg

148.控缰支撑腿:passiveleg

149.落马:fall fromthe horse; come a cropper

150.步法 [态]:gait

151.自然步法:collected[natural] gait

152.人工步(包括慢跑步、侧对步、破侧对步):artificialgait

153.侧[横]步:sidestep

154.慢步:walk;short pace; jog trot

155.自由慢步:free walk

156.短慢步:shortwalk

157.跑慢步:runningwalk

158.侧对步:amble;pace; on the diagonal

159.慢侧对步:slowgait; stepping pace

160.破[花]侧对步:brokenamble; rack; single foot

161.快步:trot

162.狐[小快]步:foxtrot

163.骑手稳坐马鞍的小跑:sittingtrot

164.骑手随马起伏的小跑:risingtrot

165.慢快步:collectedtrot

166.平稳快步:squaretrot

167.缩短快步:slow trot

168.慢跑步:canter;slow pace; hand gallop

169.普通慢快跑:ordinarycanter

170.大步慢跑:lope

171.反常跑步:counter canter;false lead

172.飞奔;疾驰:gallop

173.袭步:full[running] gallop

174.狂奔:bolt;take the bit

175.伸长步法:extendedgait

176.缩短步法:shortenedgait

177.碎步:choppystride

178.乱步:disunitedgait

179.两个蹄音的步法:two-beatgait

180.三个蹄音的步法:three-beatgait

181.四个蹄音的步法:four-beatgait

182.善于五种步法的:five-gaited

183.简单换步:simplechange of legs

184.空中换腿:flyingchange of legs

 


马匹

185.马:horse

186.额毛:forelock

187.马体前部:forequarters;front quarters

188.马鬃:mane;crest

189.马肩隆:withers

190.马背:horseback

191.颈础:base ofneck

192.脊背:back

193.腹部:belly;abdomen; barrel

194.胁:blank

195.臀部:haunch;hind quarters; rump; croup(e); crump; crupper

196.前肢:forefoot;front foot; arm

197.左前肢:left fore

198.右前肢:rightfore

199.后肢:hind leg

200.左后肢:left fore

201.右前肢:righthind

202.斜对肢:diagonalpair of legs

203.飞[跗关]节:hock

204.胫:shank;gaskin; second thigh

205.距毛;球节:fetlock

206.系部:pastern

207.蹄:hoof;foot

208.品种:breed

209.谱系:pedigree

210.纯种马:purebred;bloodstock

211.英纯种马:thoroughbred

212.阿拉伯马:Arab(horse); Arabian horse

213.非纯种的:cold-blooded

214.混血马:half-bred

215.母马:mare; dam

216.母驹(5岁以下):filly

217.公驹(5岁以下):colt

218.1-2岁的幼驹:yearling

219.2-4岁的马:futurity

220. 种马:studhorse

221. 骟马:castratedhorse; gelding

222. 比赛用马:racehorse; racer; bangtail; oat-burner

223. 盛装舞步马:dressagehorse

224. 障碍赛用马:(show)jumper

225. 越野障碍赛用马:chaser;hunter

226. 球赛马:polo pony

227. 轻挽马:harnesshorse

228. 骑乘马:riding[saddle] horse; hackney; saddler

229. 体形:conformation;quality

230. 受衔姿势:collection

231. 特征:marking;peculiarity

232. 性格:disposition;temperament

233. 敏感性:responsiveness

234. 易惊的:shy;flighty; skittish

235. 见人受惊的:manshy

236. 易受惊的马:shyer

237. 驯服性:obedience;suppleness; acceptance to the bridle

238. 受衔的:light-mouthed

239. 不让装勒的:headshy

240. 不服马嚼子的马:puller

241. 易于驾驭的:light inhand

242. 难驾驭的:reative

243. 不驯从的:disobedient

244. 难驯的马:buckingbronco; outlaw

245. 弓背跳起(企图摔下骑手):buck jump

246. 将骑手摔下来:throw[unseat] the rider

247. 马具:harness;tackle; horse gear

248. 口套;鼻笼:muzzle

249. 嚼子;口衔:bit

250. 马眼罩:blinders;blinkers; winkers

251. 头勒:halter;headstall

252. 顶革:headpiece;head strap

253. 低头革:martingale

254. 颊革:cheekpiece [strap]

255. 颈革:neckstrap

256. 鼻革:noseband

257. 马肚带:girth;cinch; surcingle

258. 缰绳:rein

259. 控制缰:checkrein

260. 鞍具:saddlery

261. 马鞍:saddle

262. 花式骑术马鞍:dressagesaddle

263. 鞍座:seat

264. 前鞍桥:saddlebow; pommel

265. 后鞍桥:high bow;cantle

266. 鞍垫:saddleblanket [pad]

267. 鞍布:saddlecloth

268. 马刺:spur

269. 马镫:stirrup

270. 马蹄铁:horseshoe

271. 烙印:brand

272. 跑[赛]马场:(race)course; turf

273. 大跑马场:park

274. 马球场:polofield

275. 赛马跑道:racetrack; racing strip

276. 障碍赛马跑道:steeplechasecourse

277. 8字形障碍赛跑道:figure-of-eighttrack

278. 花式骑术赛场:arena fordressage competition

279. 赛前鞍具着装场:paddock

280. 准备活动区:warming-uparea

281. 出发门:(starting)gate

282. 起跑位置:postposition

283. 起跑线:startingline

284. 起跑屏障:barrier

285. 起跑柱:startingpost

286. 终点线:finishline

287. 终点柱:finishpost

288. 裁判台:judge box

289. 标志旗:markingflag

 


骑手装备

290. 骑装:jockeydress [suit]; riding costume

291. 女骑装:ridinghabit

292. 骑马裤:(riding)breeches; jodhpurs

293. 轻便鸭舌帽:jockeycap

294. 骑手手套:ridingglove

295. 长[防护]手套:gauntlet

296. 马靴:riding[high] boot

297. 马鞭:(riding)whip; horsewhip; crop

298. 赛马鞭子:racingbat

饲养与调教

299. 养马场:breedingfarm

300. 种马饲养场:stud(farm)

301. 马房[厩]:stable

302. 单间马房:stall;box

303. 牲口棚:shed

304. 草荐:litter

305. 饲料:fodder;forage

306. 饲槽:feed box;feeding trough

307. 刷马:curry

308. 马刷:body[horse] brush

309. 兽医检查:veterinaryexamination

310. 调教:break;school

311. 未经调教的马:unbrokenhorse; bronco

312. 经过调教的马:brokenhorse

313. 调教场:lunge;longe

314. 调教竿:rappingpole

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